备份恢复

Velero 是一个提供 Kubernetes 集群和持久卷的备份、迁移以及灾难恢复等的开源工具。

安装

https://github.com/heptio/velero/releases 下载最新的稳定版。

以 Azure 为例,安装 Velero 需要以下步骤:

(1) 创建存储账户

AZURE_BACKUP_RESOURCE_GROUP=Velero_Backups
az group create -n $AZURE_BACKUP_RESOURCE_GROUP --location WestUS

AZURE_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_ID="velero$(uuidgen | cut -d '-' -f5 | tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]')"
az storage account create \
    --name $AZURE_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_ID \
    --resource-group $AZURE_BACKUP_RESOURCE_GROUP \
    --sku Standard_GRS \
    --encryption-services blob \
    --https-only true \
    --kind BlobStorage \
    --access-tier Hot

BLOB_CONTAINER=velero
az storage container create -n $BLOB_CONTAINER --public-access off --account-name $AZURE_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_ID

(2)创建 service principal

AZURE_RESOURCE_GROUP=<NAME_OF_RESOURCE_GROUP>
AZURE_SUBSCRIPTION_ID=`az account list --query '[?isDefault].id' -o tsv`
AZURE_TENANT_ID=`az account list --query '[?isDefault].tenantId' -o tsv`
AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET=`az ad sp create-for-rbac --name "velero" --role "Contributor" --query 'password' -o tsv`
AZURE_CLIENT_ID=`az ad sp list --display-name "velero" --query '[0].appId' -o tsv`

cat << EOF  > ./credentials-velero
AZURE_SUBSCRIPTION_ID=${AZURE_SUBSCRIPTION_ID}
AZURE_TENANT_ID=${AZURE_TENANT_ID}
AZURE_CLIENT_ID=${AZURE_CLIENT_ID}
AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET=${AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET}
AZURE_RESOURCE_GROUP=${AZURE_RESOURCE_GROUP}
EOF

(3)启动 Velero

velero install \
    --provider azure \
    --bucket $BLOB_CONTAINER \
    --secret-file ./credentials-velero \
    --backup-location-config resourceGroup=$AZURE_BACKUP_RESOURCE_GROUP,storageAccount=$AZURE_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_ID \
    --snapshot-location-config apiTimeout=<YOUR_TIMEOUT>

备份

创建定期备份:

velero schedule create <SCHEDULE NAME> --schedule "0 7 * * *"

灾难恢复

# Update your backup storage location to read-only mode 
kubectl patch backupstoragelocation <STORAGE LOCATION NAME> \
    --namespace velero \
    --type merge \
    --patch '{"spec":{"accessMode":"ReadOnly"}}'

# Create a restore with your most recent Velero Backup
velero restore create --from-backup <SCHEDULE NAME>-<TIMESTAMP>

# When ready, revert your backup storage location to read-write mode
kubectl patch backupstoragelocation <STORAGE LOCATION NAME> \
       --namespace velero \
       --type merge \
       --patch '{"spec":{"accessMode":"ReadWrite"}}'

迁移

首先,在集群 1 中创建备份(默认 TTL 是 30 天,你可以使用 --ttl 来修改):

velero backup create <BACKUP-NAME>

然后,为集群 2 配置 BackupStorageLocations 和 VolumeSnapshotLocations,指向与集群 1 相同的备份和快照路径,并确保 BackupStorageLocations 是只读的(使用 --access-mode=ReadOnly)。接下来,稍微等一会(默认的同步时间为 1 分钟),等待 Backup 对象创建成功。

# The default sync interval is 1 minute, so make sure to wait before checking.
# You can configure this interval with the --backup-sync-period flag to the Velero server.
velero backup describe <BACKUP-NAME>

最后,执行数据恢复:

velero restore create --from-backup <BACKUP-NAME>
velero restore get
velero restore describe <RESTORE-NAME-FROM-GET-COMMAND>

参考文档

© Pengfei Ni all right reserved,powered by GitbookUpdated at 2019-06-16 02:00:53

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